ln -s(软链接)使用说明

由于使用windows子系统,经常需要将windows的文件夹连接到linux的文件夹上,所以简单介绍下ln -s的使用方法。

1. 概述

Linux的ln命令是一个非常重要命令,它的功能是将一个文件在另外一个位置建立一个同步的链接。
一个地方修改,另一个地方也会同步的进行修改。

2. 用法

1. 默认创建硬链接,使用`-s`参数创建软链接
2. 默认每个要创建的链接都不应该存在
3. 当创建硬链接时,每个源目标必须存在。

将源目标(TARGET)链接成LINK_NAME

2.2 /bin/ln [OPTION]… TARGET

在当前的文件夹创建与源目标(TARGET)相同名的链接

2.3 /bin/ln [OPTION]… TARGET… DIRECTORY

在文件夹DIRECTORY中为每个源目标TARGET创建链接

2.4 /bin/ln [OPTION]… -t DIRECTORY TARGET…

在文件夹DIRECTORY中为每个源目标TARGET创建链接

3. 参数对应表

short long description 描述
–backup[=CONTROL] make a backup of each existing destination file 备份每个现有目标文件
-b like –backup but does not accept an argument 删除,覆盖以前建立的链接
-d,-F –directory allow the superuser to attempt to hard link directories (note: will probably fail due to system restrictions, even for the superuser) 允许超级用户制作目录的硬链接
-f –force remove existing destination files 强制执行
-i –interactive prompt whether to remove destinations 交互模式,文件存在则提示用户是否覆盖
-L –logical dereference TARGETs that are symbolic links 解除TARGETs软链接
-n –no-dereference treat LINK_NAME as a normal file if it is a symbolic link to a directory 把符号链接视为一般目录
-P –physical make hard links directly to symbolic links 将硬链接改为软链接
-r –relative create symbolic links relative to link location 创建相对于链接位置的符号链接
-s –symbolic make symbolic links instead of hard links 软链接(符号链接)
-S –suffix=SUFFIX override the usual backup suffix 字尾备份字符串
-t –target-directory=DIRECTORY specify the DIRECTORY in which to create the links 指定要在其中创建链接的文件夹
-T –no-target-directory treat LINK_NAME as a normal file always 始终将LINK_NAME视为普通文件
-v –verbose print name of each linked file 显示详细的处理过程
–help display this help and exit 显示帮助信息
–version output version information and exit 显示版本信息

4. 英文说明

Usage: /bin/ln [OPTION]... [-T] TARGET LINK_NAME   (1st form)
  or:  /bin/ln [OPTION]... TARGET                  (2nd form)
  or:  /bin/ln [OPTION]... TARGET... DIRECTORY     (3rd form)
  or:  /bin/ln [OPTION]... -t DIRECTORY TARGET...  (4th form)
In the 1st form, create a link to TARGET with the name LINK_NAME.
In the 2nd form, create a link to TARGET in the current directory.
In the 3rd and 4th forms, create links to each TARGET in DIRECTORY.
Create hard links by default, symbolic links with --symbolic.
By default, each destination (name of new link) should not already exist.
When creating hard links, each TARGET must exist.  Symbolic links
can hold arbitrary text; if later resolved, a relative link is
interpreted in relation to its parent directory.

Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options too.
      --backup[=CONTROL]      make a backup of each existing destination file
  -b                          like --backup but does not accept an argument
  -d, -F, --directory         allow the superuser to attempt to hard link
                                directories (note: will probably fail due to
                                system restrictions, even for the superuser)
  -f, --force                 remove existing destination files
  -i, --interactive           prompt whether to remove destinations
  -L, --logical               dereference TARGETs that are symbolic links
  -n, --no-dereference        treat LINK_NAME as a normal file if
                                it is a symbolic link to a directory
  -P, --physical              make hard links directly to symbolic links
  -r, --relative              create symbolic links relative to link location
  -s, --symbolic              make symbolic links instead of hard links
  -S, --suffix=SUFFIX         override the usual backup suffix
  -t, --target-directory=DIRECTORY  specify the DIRECTORY in which to create
                                the links
  -T, --no-target-directory   treat LINK_NAME as a normal file always
  -v, --verbose               print name of each linked file
      --help     display this help and exit
      --version  output version information and exit

The backup suffix is '~', unless set with --suffix or SIMPLE_BACKUP_SUFFIX.
The version control method may be selected via the --backup option or through
the VERSION_CONTROL environment variable.  Here are the values:

  none, off       never make backups (even if --backup is given)
  numbered, t     make numbered backups
  existing, nil   numbered if numbered backups exist, simple otherwise
  simple, never   always make simple backups

Using -s ignores -L and -P.  Otherwise, the last option specified controls
behavior when a TARGET is a symbolic link, defaulting to -P.

GNU coreutils online help: <http://www.gnu.org/software/coreutils/>
Report ln translation bugs to <http://translationproject.org/team/>
Full documentation at: <http://www.gnu.org/software/coreutils/ln>
or available locally via: info '(coreutils) ln invocation'

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文章标题:ln -s(软链接)使用说明

本文作者:kaisawind

发布时间:2019-06-11, 08:53:38

最后更新:2020-08-10, 08:17:32

原始链接:https://kaisawind.gitee.io/2019/06/11/2019-06-11-linux2/

版权声明: "署名-非商用-相同方式共享 4.0" 转载请保留原文链接及作者。

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